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Postharvest Technology of Horticultural Crops in Developed vs. Developing Countries

The keys to successful handling of horticultural perishables, listed in the second to the fifth paragraphs below, are the same in developed and developing countries, but the extent of adoption of the necessary harvesting and postharvest technologies to maintain their quality and safety can vary greatly among countries and within each country, depending on the intended market and the return on investment, ROI (benefit/cost ratio) of these technologies. Availability and cost of labor, scale of operation, availability and dependability of electric power and its cost, and extent of utilization of facilities and equipment per year are important factors in determining ROI of harvesting and postharvest technologies. Availability and efficient use of the cold chain for handling fresh horticultural products is much more evident in developed countries than in developing countries. There is also great variation among and within countries in the extent of compliance with quality standards and food safety regulations, which is associated with the extent of participation in global marketing of fresh produce.... Read more